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HEALTH CONDITION IN PERSONS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

 

Vladimir TRAJKOVSKI
Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation,
Faculty of Philosophy, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius,
Blvd. Goce Delchev 9A, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
E-mail:vladotra@fzf.ukim.edu.mk
Received: 20-October-2018
Revised: 23-December-2018
Accepted: 25-December-2018
Online first 29-December-2018

Abstract

Introduction: Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are behaviourally defined syndromes where the etiology and pathophysiology are not very well understood. If the child has been diagnosed with autism, parents already face special behavioural challenges. What makes ASD even more difficult, are the many other medical health issues that often arise in this population.
The purpose of this article is to summarise the latest understanding of autism’s commonly associated physical and mental health conditions.

Methods: An analysis of relevant literature, sources from the internet and published literature, personal experience and observations of the author.

Recent findings: Autism is a disorder of the whole body. It is often in co-morbidity with: epilepsy, gastrointestinal disorders, neuro-inflammation and immunological disorders, asthma, eczema, sleep disturbances, eating and feeding disorders, food allergies, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), headaches, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, depression, schizophrenia, obsessive-compulsive disorder, Fragile X syndrome, intellectual disability, nonverbal learning disorder, motor clumsiness, Tourette syndrome, sensory problems, tuberous sclerosis, oxidative stress, acquired mitochondrial dysfunction and metabolic abnormalities. Many of the issues outlined here can overlap each other.

Conclusions:Improved understanding of the underlying pathology of ASD and associated conditions, and the development of a common purpose across multiple treating sites, can improve the consistent and coordinated healthcare of children with autism. There is need for the development of improved strategies for delivering effective health education and healthcare to this large population. Improving the ability of these persons to lead relatively independent lives has a great economic impact.

Key words: autism spectrum disorders, health, condition, medical disorders

 

Citation: Trajkovski, V. Health Condition in Persons with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal for ReAttach Therapy and Developmental Diversities. 2019 Feb 17; 1(2):112-124 https://doi.org/10.26407/2018jrtdd.1.12

Copyright ©2018 Trajkovski, V. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Corresponding address:
Vladimir TRAJKOVSKI
Institute of Special Education and Rehabilitation,
Faculty of Philosophy, University “Ss. Cyril and Methodius,
Blvd. Goce Delchev 9A, 1000 Skopje, Republic of Macedonia
E-mail: vladotra@fzf.ukim.edu.mk

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