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Advances in the understanding of cellular pathogenesis associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder

 

Katrina SAVORY1, 2,
Yasir Ahmed SYED1, 2

1Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute,
Hadyn Ellis Building, Cathays, Cardiff, UK
2School of Bioscience, The Sir Martin Evans Building, Museum Ave, Cardiff, UK
E-mail: syedy@cardiff.ac.uk
Received: 19-October-2019
Revised: 16-November-2019
Accepted: 20-Novemeber-2019
Online first: 22-Novemeber-2019

Abstract

Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are a group of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental disorders with an estimated worldwide prevalence of 1-2%. Although it is highly heritable, the contribution of environmental factors and risk associated genes on the aberrant brain development is not well understood. In this review, we summarise some of the key risk factors and explore ASD associated cellular pathology from the perspective of the four predominant cells in the brain; neurons, oligodendrocytes, microglia and astrocytes. Further, we discuss the contributions of the associated cellular pathology to the three common hypotheses of ASD. We highlight the major neuro-pathologies underlying ASD, however more research is needed to ensure appropriate and efficient therapies can be directed towards ASD.

Key words: Autism spectrum disorders, Neurodevelopment, Neural lineage cells, Genetics, Risk factors

 

Citation: Savory, K., Syer, Y. A. Advances in the understanding of cellular pathogenesis associated with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal for ReAttach Therapy and Developmental Diversities. https://doi.org/10.26407/2019jrtdd.1.21

Copyright ©2019 Savory, K., Syer, Y. A. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Corresponding address:
Yasir Ahmed Syed
Neuroscience and Mental Health Research Institute,
Hadyn Ellis Building, Cardiff, CF24 4HQ, UK
Tel: +44(0)2920 688 314
E-mail: syedy@cardiff.ac.uk

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