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EMPOWERMENT AND SOCIAL FUNCTIONING OF PEOPLE WITH MENTAL DISABILITIES

 

Maria STOYKOVA
Department of Medico-Social Sciences
Faculty of Public Health, Health Care and Sports
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”
Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria
E-mail: m_stoikova@swu.bg
Received: 28-June-2021
Revised: 03-August-2021
Accepted: 11-August-2021
Online first: 16-August-2021

Abstract

Introduction: Mental disability is characterised by impaired social functioning. Medical rehabilitation and medical treatment are not enough to recover from mental illness and improve quality of life. The theory of psychological empowerment defines it as a main approach in the support of people with mental disabilities, aimed towards the improvement of their social functioning and quality of life.
The purpose of this article is to present the results of a study of the understanding of empowerment as an approach to social support of people with mental disabilities and the impact of the application of such an approach on the domains of their social functioning.

Methods: A narrative review of literature related to empowerment theory, the empowerment as an approach to the social support of people with mental disabilities, and the impact of such an approach on the domains of their social functioning. Literature sources were identified by searching the databases: EbscoHost Academic Search, Science Direct, Scopus, IST Web of Science by keywords: empowerment, social functioning people with mental disability.

Findings: Empowerment as a “multicomponent” and “multilevel” construct is presenting as a main element and a valuable tool in the process for providing support and recovery of people with mental disabilities. The outlined connections between empowerment and the functioning of the individual in many cases are two-sided.

Conclusion: Empowerment is defined as a central approach in the process of recovery and support of people with mental illness.

 

Keywords: empowerment, social work, social functioning, people with mental disabilities, social support

 

Citation: Stoykova, M. Empowerment and Social Functioning of People with Mental Disabilities. Journal for ReAttach Therapy and Developmental Diversities. https://doi.org/10.26407/2021jrtdd.1.43

Copyright ©2021 Stoykova, M. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0)

Corresponding address:
Maria STOYKOVA
Department of Medico-Social Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Health Care and Sports,
South-West University “Neofit Rilski”,
66 Ivan Mihaylov Street, 2700 Blagoevgrad, Bulgaria
E-mail: m_stoikova@swu.bg

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