Influential Impact of Parent-Child Interaction on Adolescent Depression Levels

Main Article Content

Lourdes Vijayan R


This research aims to explore the correlation between adolescent depression and parent-child interaction. A sample of 150 school students aged 14-17, encompassing both genders, was conveniently selected. To assess the level of interaction between parents and adolescents in terms of time spent, the researcher utilized the 'Quality-time' Parent-Child Interaction  Questionnaire (with a Chronbach’s alpha coefficient of m = .827), developed specifically for this study. Additionally, the Beck Depression Inventory by Aaron T. Beck (1977) was employed to measure depression levels. The collected data underwent analysis using Pearson's correlation coefficient 'r' to determine the relationship between the qualities of time spent with parents and adolescent depression.

Article Details

How to Cite
P.V.Padma, & Lourdes Vijayan R. (2023). Influential Impact of Parent-Child Interaction on Adolescent Depression Levels. Journal for ReAttach Therapy and Developmental Diversities, 6(6s), 763–770.
Author Biographies


Dean & Associate Professor, School of Liberal Arts, XIM University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.

Lourdes Vijayan R

Assistant Professor, School of Liberal Arts, XIM University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India.      


Christie-Mizell, C. Andre;,(2011) Bullying Behavior, Parents' Work Hours and Early Adolescents' Perceptions of Time Spent with Parents, Youth &Society, 43 (4), pp. 1570-1595.

Deb, Sibnath;, (2010) Anxiety among High School Students in India: Comparisons across Gender, School Type, Social Strata and Perceptions of Quality Time with Parents. Australian Journal of Educational & Developmental Psychology, 10, pp. 1831

Desha,Laura N, (2011) Adolescent Depression and Time Spent with Parents and Siblings, Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, 101 (2), pp. 233-238.

Han, Wen-Jui et al., (2010) Parental Work Schedules and Adolescent Risky Behaviors, Developmental Psychology, 46 (5) pp. 1245-1267, DOI

Milkie, Melissa A.;,(2010) Time with Children, Children's Well-Being, and WorkFamily Balance among Employed Parents , Journal of Marriage and Family, 72(5) pp. 1329-1343.

Rani Mohanraj , Karunanidhi Subbaiah (2010) Prevalence of depressive symptoms among urban adolescents in South India, Journal of Indian Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health 6(2), pp. 33-43.

Roeters, Anne;,(2010) Work Characteristics and Parent-Child Relationship Quality: The Mediating Role of Temporal Involvement, Journal of Marriage and Family, 72 (5) pp. 1317-1328,

Shelton, Katherine H.;,(2010) The Moderating Effects of Pubertal Timing on the Longitudinal Associations between Parent-Child Relationship Quality and Adolescent Substance Use, Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20 (4) pp.1044-1064.

Willemen, Agnes M.;,(2011) Observed Interactions Indicate Protective Effects of Relationships with Parents for Referred Adolescents, Journal of Research on Adolescence, 21 (3 ), pp. 569-575.

Vaishali V. et al., (2019) Parental socialization of positive affect, adolescent positive affect regulation, and adolescent girls’ depression in India, Social Development Quartet, 28(2) pp.253-498

Grover, Sandeep et al., (2019) Depression in Children and Adolescents, A Review of Indian Studies, 41(3), pp. 216-227,

W. Andrew Collins, Brett Laursen. (2004) Changing Relationships, Changing Youth: Interpersonal Contexts of Adolescent Development. The Journal of Early Adolescence, 24 (1), pp.55-62, 10.1177/0272431603260882

Sibnath Deb, (2020). Childhood to Adolescence. Chennai, Tamilnadu: Pearson India Education Services Pvt Ltd. Santrock, J. W (2012). Life-Span Developmet. New Delhi: McGraw Hill Papalia, D. E. et al., (2006) Human Development (9th ed.) New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Mishra B.K (2008). Psychology: The Study of Human Behaviour. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India